How Automated Storage and Retrieval System Works

May 12, 2023

Automated Storage and Retrieval System (AS/RS) is an efficient and automated cargo storage and retrieval system. It is a system that uses elevators, conveyors, sorters, stackers, AGVs and other equipment to automatically store, pick and distribute goods. AS/RS can be used in different types of warehouses and production lines, such as logistics distribution centers, automobile factories and food production lines.

The working principle of Automated Storage and Retrieval System (AS/RS) mainly includes the following aspects:


1. Storage of goods: The goods are first transported from the production line to the three-dimensional automated warehouse through conveyor belts, drones, etc., and then stored in designated storage locations through automatic elevators or stackers. The storage information of the goods will be automatically collected and recorded through the computer system.


2. Retrieve goods: When the production line needs to obtain specific goods from the warehouse, the system will automatically calculate the location of the goods, and then send instructions to the stacker through the control center, and the stacker will remove the goods from the designated shelf, and Send it to the target location by conveyor belt and other equipment. The whole process is automatically controlled by computer system.


3. Barcode recognition: During the process of accessing, transporting and distributing goods, the system will recognize the barcodes on the goods to ensure accurate delivery. In addition, the use of modern technical means such as RFID technology can also achieve rapid identification and query of goods.


4. System control: Computer systems play a vital role in warehouse operations. The system will control the operation of various equipment through the control center to ensure balanced operation, and internally interconnect and interoperate to ensure the efficient and safe operation of goods.


The AS/RS three-dimensional warehouse system can greatly shorten the cycle of cargo transportation, storage and distribution, while reducing manual operations and unnecessary losses. It is an important technical means in the modern digital logistics system.